The Different Types of Cataract Surgery – As people grow old, most experience the eye condition known as cataract. When one acquires this eye problem, the person experiences a blurred or hazy vision. You could go to your surgeon and seek for a cataract surgery to restore your vision.
This operation like any other surgery is conducted in a hospital or an emergency surgery centre. There are different types of cataract surgery and as a candidate for surgery, it is important that you know these.
Basic techniques in a cataract surgery :
Among the techniques used in cataract surgery, this is the most common.
In this type of operation, the surgeon will cut the surface of your eye. The doctor will then insert a thin ultrasound probe. This will produce ultrasonic vibrations that will dissolve or phacoemulsify the blurry lens. The fragmented pieces will be suctioned by the same ultrasound probe.
After the cataract is removed, an artificial lens is implanted. This surgery can be performed within approximately 30 minutes or less. It also requires minimal sedation.
This technique requires no stitches to close the wound and no eye patch is placed on the newly operated eye.
- Extracapsular cataract surgery
This surgical method is used for advanced cataract condition in which the lens is very dense and could not be dissolved into fragments. This type of surgery requires a bigger cut on the eye’s surface so that the cataract will be removed in one piece.
After the cataract is removed, an artificial lens is placed. This technique of cataract removal requires sutures in order to close the wound. Complete recovery from this type of operation is also slower. The extracapsular cataract extraction will require a numbing medication around the patient’s eye and a bandage or eye patch.
- Intracapsular cataract surgery
This technique of cataract surgery requires an even bigger cut in the eyes than the extracapsular cataract surgery. The physician removes the lens of your eyes including the capsule surrounding it. The intraocular lens will be displaced in this operation. It will be placed in front of the iris.
Today, this method of cataract surgery is rarely used by surgeons. However, there are some surgeons that perform this for patients that have significant eye trauma.